Surname List
Name Index



Nobility ?
Surname Origins

New Spain
Nuevo Santander
La Grulla
La Encantada
The Alcala Exodus


Gallery 1
Gallery 2
Gallery 3
Gallery 4
Gallery 5




The brief histories provided in the following sections are intended to provide only an introduction to the more interesting journeys experienced by our ancestors, and to answer the questions of where we came from and how we came to be in South Texas. My opinions and interpretations are interspersed throughout.

New Spain  The journey of the first Longorias to Nueva España in 1603 and the early history of Longorias in the New World is discussed in this section.

Nuevo Santander  The great colonization effort, under the direction of Jose de Escandon, which led to the founding of Camargo and other settlements along the lower Rio Grande River is briefly presented in this section.

Camargo  Camargo was founded in 1749 and was the first settlement on the Rio Grande River. This section briefly discusses the history of this town where so many of our ancestors settled.

La Grulla  La Grulla was founded in 1836 by an heir of Pedro Longoria, the Original Grantee of Porcion 94. This section briefly discusses the history of this little town where Longoria roots extend so deeply.

La Encantada  The La Encantada land grant is located in present day Brooks County, Texas, and is where our Villarreal and Longoria ancestors moved to establish the La Primavera and Santa Rita ranchos. This section provides a brief history of this land grant.

Encino, Texas (this section is under development and will be loaded in sections until it is complete)

The small communities of Encino and Rachal are situated on the boundary between the Encino del Pozo and La Alameda land grants.  Descendants of the founders of those two land grants, as well as those of the La Encantada and El Lucero land grants, played important roles in the development of these two communities in southern Brooks County.

The Alcala Exodus  The Alcala family is torn apart by the Mexican Revolution; my wife's grandfather is forced to take desperate measures to flee Jimenez and relocates his family to Brownsville, Texas.


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Our Longoria ancestors actually lived under six flags of Texas. These flags represented Spain, Mexico, the Republic of Texas, the Republic of the Rio Grande, the Confederate States of America, and the United States of America.

Juan Santiago Longoria, for one, actually lived under all six of these flags.

But, our roots are intertwined deeply only with the four flags shown below.


Copyright © 2001.  Raul N. Longoria.  All rights reserved.